Eczema (also known as dermatitis) is a dry skin condition. It is a highly individual condition which varies from person to person and comes in many different forms. It is not contagious so you cannot catch it from someone else.
In mild cases of eczema, the skin is dry, scaly, red and itchy. In more severe cases there may be weeping, crusting and bleeding. Constant scratching causes the skin to split and bleed and also leaves it open to infection.
You can inherit a tendency to develop atopic conditions such as eczema, asthma and hay fever.
Although eczema can flare up for no obvious reason, you may notice certain triggers that make your atopic eczema worse.
Common triggers may include:
- Infections caused by bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus
- Allergens, such as pollen, house dust mites, mould or pet dander (fur or hair)
- Irritants, such as detergents, soaps or shampoo
- Rough clothing fabrics, such as wool
- If you’re a woman, changes in hormone levels, for example at different times in your menstrual cycle or if you’re pregnant
At 152 Harley Street, our Consultant Dermatologists offer a variety of treatments, depending on each case and the severity of the condition. These include; emollients, steroid creams, topical immunosuppressants, antibiotics, oral immunosuppressant medicines, oral steroids and antihistamines.